『 OT理髮資訊』 農曆二月二 – 龍抬頭 


 

二月二龍抬頭#家家男子剃龍頭

* 2019 農曆 2/2 為國曆 3/8(五)
* 2020 
農曆 2/2 為國曆 2/24(一)

俗話說:二月二龍抬頭,家家男子剃龍頭。龍抬頭(二月二)又被稱為「春耕節」、「農事節」、「春龍節」、「青龍節」「春髮節」,是漢族民間傳統節日。人們往往會選擇在這天剪頭髮,那麼大家是否知道,什麼是龍抬頭? 為什麼龍抬頭要剪頭髮呢 ?

 

#二月二龍抬頭是什麼意思?


 

在北方,二月二又叫龍抬頭日,亦稱春龍節。在南方叫踏青節,古稱挑菜節。大約從唐朝開始,中國人就有過「二月二」的習俗。據資料記載,這句話的來歷與古代天文學對星辰運行的認識和農業節氣有關。


 

中國民間認為,龍是吉祥之物,主管雲雨,再加上中國古代用二十八宿來表示日月星辰在天空的位置和判斷季節,其中二十八宿中的角、亢、氐、房、心、尾、箕七宿組成一個完整的龍形星座、角宿恰似龍的角。每到二月春風以後,黃昏時龍角星就從東方地平線上出現,是龍欲升天的日子,故稱「龍抬頭」。
 

其次,從節氣上說,農曆二月初二前後是廿四節氣之一的驚蟄,經過冬眠的龍到了這一天就被隆隆的春雷驚醒,便抬頭而起,所以古人稱農曆二月初二為春龍節,又叫龍頭節或青龍節,而且根據自然規律,在這個時候,我國很多地方已開始進入雨季,但古人卻認為這是「龍」的功勞,因此人們通過慶祝「龍頭節」敬龍祈雨,希望讓老天保佑豐收。

 

記載

“ 二月二,曰龍抬頭,煎元旦祭余餅,熏床炕,謂之熏蟲兒,謂引龍,沖、蟲不出也。”《帝京景物略·卷二春場》
 
“ 二月二日,古之中和節也。今人呼為龍抬頭。是日食餅者謂之龍鱗餅,食麵者謂之龍鬚面。閨中停止針線,恐傷龍目曰。”《燕京歲時記》

 

“ 二月二日,各村疃社醵錢獻生,謂之'扶龍頭'。提壺汲井水注之,曰'引龍頭'。”《大同府志》
 

“ 二月朔日為青龍節,取灶圍物,如龍蛇狀,名曰引錢龍。” 《中華全國風俗志》

 

#節日傳說 

傳說故事 1. ︰堯王


 

傳說堯王的父親帝嚳(帝俊)共有四個王妃:姜嫄(jiāng yuán)、簡狄(jiǎn dí)、慶都、常儀。本來常儀的地位最低,可自從生了兒子,眾人就另眼相看了。慶都一直為沒有兒子煩惱。有人告訴她,神母廟求子很靈驗,只要真心實意,沒有不成的。慶都照女巫說的,在元宵節的晚飯後,去廟裡擺上供品,然後恭恭敬敬地磕了仨頭,雙手合十,祈求神靈賜子。

有年大旱,百姓生活困苦。天上有條赤龍,看見人間的悽慘境況,產生了憐憫之心,私下裡下了一場雨。這事被玉皇大帝知道了,就把赤龍壓在了一座山底下。百姓為赤龍求情,玉皇大帝發話說:「除非金豆子開花。」到了二月二這天,不知從哪裡來了個老媽媽,一個勁地喊:「賣金豆子!」人們很納悶,買回家一看,是些黃豆。這些黃豆放在鍋里一炒,噼里啪啦地開了花。玉帝得知,只得把那條赤龍放了出來,貶下凡間。
 

慶都從神母廟求子後,就天天盼著好消息。一天夜裡,她夢見一條赤龍追隨,從此,就懷孕了。到了第二年的二月二,先是電閃雷鳴,後又艷陽高照。院子裡一道金光照耀,孩子降生了,起名叫放勛,就是後來的堯王。放勛聰明伶俐,從小就惹人喜愛,長大當了帝王后,每到二月二這天,就同百姓一起耕田。帝王耕田的習俗就這樣傳了下來。每逢過年的時候,集上賣的木版年畫,「皇帝爺爺使金牛」,就是由此而來。

 

傳說故事 2. ︰武則天

說武則天當上皇帝,惹惱了玉皇大帝,傳諭四海龍王,三年內不得向人間降雨。不久,司管天河的龍王聽見民間人家的哭聲,看見餓死人的慘景,擔心人間生路斷絕,便違抗玉帝的旨意,為人間降了一次雨。

玉帝得知,把龍王打下凡間,壓在一座大山下受罪,山上立碑:「龍王降雨犯天規,當受人間千秋罪;要想重登靈霄閣,除非金豆開花時。」人們為了拯救龍王,到處找開花的金豆。到次年農曆二月初二,人們正在翻曬玉米種子時,想到這玉米就像金豆,炒一炒開了花不就是金豆開花嗎?於是家家戶戶爆玉米花,並在院子裡設案焚香,供上開了花的「金豆」。龍王抬頭一看,知道百姓救它,便大聲向玉帝喊道:「金豆開花了,快放我出去!」玉帝一看人間家家戶戶院裡金豆花開放,只好傳諭,詔龍王回到天庭,繼續給人間興雲布雨。從此,民間形成習慣,每到二月初二這一天,就爆玉米花吃。

 

 

#龍抬頭為什麼要理髮

俗話說「龍不抬頭,天不下雨」,龍是祥瑞之物,又是和風化雨的主宰。農曆二月二,人們祈望龍抬頭興雲作雨、滋潤萬物,這天民間一直有「理髮去舊」的說法,素有「二月二剃龍頭」的說法。
 

普遍認為在這一天剃頭,會使人紅運當頭、福星高照,因此,民諺說「二月二剃龍頭,一年都有精神頭」。每逢二月二這一天,家家理髮店都是顧客盈門,生意興隆。
 

為孩子理髮,叫「剃喜頭」,借龍抬頭之吉時,保佑孩子健康成長,長大後出人頭地;大人理髮,叫「剃龍頭」,辭舊迎新,希望帶來好運。

 

 正月剃頭死舅舅???

二月二日剃頭流傳到今天 300多年,從西元 1644 年清軍入關開始,官方要求所有男子必須留沙壺頭,四周沒有頭髮,中間一綹,編上個辮子。

不過漢族人原本的習俗不是這樣的,明朝以前,像小孩,二十歲以下的小孩,可以理髮,一般的理髮的時候都剃禿光,光光的,什麼都不長,等到過二十歲弱冠之年一加帽子,這頭髮就永遠都不能理了,一直到死都不能理,因為身體髮膚,受之父母。所以漢族的男子是頭上所有的頭髮都要留着,這上面也是編辮子的,盤起來。所以漢族的男子是不理髮的,但是清兵入關以後強迫理髮,所以老百姓就有這麼一個相約,正月誰都不理髮,正月剃頭死舅舅。其實是“思舊”,所以叫“正月剃頭思舊”,後來老百姓就叫“死舅舅”了。 

很多人在臘月理完髮後,一個月都不再去光顧理髮店,直到「二月二」才解禁。其實「正月剃頭死舅舅」的說法是誤傳。據民國二十四年版的《掖縣誌》卷二《風俗》記載:「聞諸鄉老談前清下剃髮之詔於順治四年正月實行,明朝體制一變,民間以剃髮之故思及舊君,故曰『思舊』。相沿既久,遂誤作『死舅』。」其實正月不剃頭,原是「思舊」,以緬懷傳統。


 

龍抬頭是一個非常古老的傳統節日,這天是蟄龍升天的日子,而華人素以龍為圖騰,在這一天「剃龍頭」,體現出人們祈求神龍賜福的美好願望!

#當日剪髮好運一整年 
#所以現在就快向你的理髮師約定時間吧! 

#髮型師們也別忘了告知客戶啊!

 

 

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Spring Dragon Festival

(春(chūn) 龙(lóng) 节(jié) )
Date: The second day of the second lunar month

The folklore goes that every second day of the second lunar month is the time when the dragon in charge of rain lifts its head. From that day on rainfall will increase gradually, so it is called the “Spring Dragon Festival” or “Dragon Head Festival.” These is a saying widely spread in the north of China that “the dragon lifts its head on the second day of the second lunar month and large barns will be full and small ones will overflow.”

On every occasion of the Spring Dragon Festival, families in most of the areas in northern China will go to wells or rivers to fetch water with their lanterns on in the morning. Then they will come back home and turn on the light, burn joss sticks and offer up sacrifices. This ceremony was called “attracting the dragon in the field” in the old times. On this festival, every family should eat noodles, which means “lifting the dragon’s head”; fry cakes, which means “eating the dragon’s gallbladder” (the Chinese people believe that it is the gallbladder that decide one’s courage); and pop corn so that “golden beans can blossom; dragon god can return to heaven and distribute the rain to the earth and crops can grow well.”

A story about the origin of the Spring Dragon Festival prevails among people. In the Tang Dynasty, Wu Zetian the queen came to power and became the empress, which irritated Yuhuang Dadi in the heaven. He ordered the four dragon gods who are in charge of the rain not to rain a single drop in three years. However, the dragon god who is in charge of the heaven river couldn’t bear to see people on earth being driven to death, so he broke Yuhuang Dadi’s rule and secrely rained once. Yuhuang Dadi became so angry that he kept the dragon god under the mountain as a kind of torture, and a stele on the mountain read as follows:

The dragon king violates the heavenly rules by dropping rain
And is subject to thousands of years of punishment on earth
If ever he wishes to go back to the heavenly palace
It’s only when golden beans give birth to flowers.

To save the kind-hearted dragon god, people went everywhere to find the golden beans. On the second day of the second lunar month the next year, people found the secret of golden beans when they were tedding the seeds of corn: since the corn is just like golden beans, isn’t that the golden beans blossom when the corn is popped? So every family began to pop the corn and set up the altar to offer the blossomed“golden beans” as sacrifices. The dragon god lifted his head and saw all this.

Knowing that people are trying to rescue him, he cried to Yuhuiang Dadi, “The golden beans have blossomed, so please set me free!” Yuhuang Dadi had no choice but to call the dragon god back to heaven and give back his job. From then on it became a habit that people pop corn on the second day of the second lunar month.

Actually, it is just the characteristic of North China Monsoon that the rainfalls begin to grow after to grow after the second day of the second lunar month. However, seen from another perspective, the festival also shows people’s wishes for fine weather and a better harvest.

Via:http://www.chinesetimeschool.com/zh-tw/articles/spring-dragon-festival/

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Workers must first sharpen his tools for good things. 

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